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The inhabitants of Chachapoyas became involved in the movement for independence. Although the latter lacked training, military knowledge or discipline, they faced the realistas determined to give their lives in defense of the proclaimed freedom.
Matea Rimachi was an Amazonas woman renowned as a heroine of Higos Urco. He signed the record of national independence in Lima.
The initiative belonged to two illustrious children of Chachapoyas: Camporredondo was in charge of the presidency of the republic, in absence of the marshall Gamarra.
The same law contained a series of norms to promote the economic development of the new Hindu network including exonerations of rights in its commerce with Ecuador or Brazil.
In accordance with this law, the regions of Pataz , Chachapoyas and Maynas will stay inside the limits of the Amazonas Region. Salaverry tried futilely to annul the creation of this department that, later, according to diverse demarcating dispositions was diminishing in its area.
Most of its territory was dismembered in , when the department of Loreto was created. The colonial splendour of Chachapoyas , almost a complete city, was disappearing during the Republic because it had been imposed in the country new means of transport that were turning it in a cloistered and outlying city from the rest of the country.
Chachapoyas remained this way during more than one century in the Republic. Without highways of access, the route had to be done on horse, in long and painful caravans from the coast, or by the rivers from the region of the east.
Such situation continue until , date in which the highway arrived to Chachapoyas, although it had been already preceded by air transport.
With this, Amazonas was put in direct communication with Lima and the rest of the Republic. The department of Amazonas possesses a great past that is still precariously evaluated and spread.
When the Spanish arrived in Peru in the 16th century, the Chachapoya were among the many nations incorporated into the Inca Empire.
Their incorporation to the Inca Empire had not been easy, due to the sprouts of resistance that the chachapoyas offered repeatedly to the Inca's troops.
Cieza adds that, after the annexation to the Inca Empire, the Chachapoya apparently adopted the customs imposed by the people from the department of Cuzco.
The meaning of the word chachapoya is unknown. The Chachapoya territory was very extensive. To the south, their territory extended to the Chontayacu river.
That was beyond the current border of Amazonas. The center of the Chachapoyas culture was the basin of the Utcubamba river. Garcilazo de la Vega records that the Chachapoyas' territory was so extensive that,.
The league was a measurement that covered about 5 kilometers. The area of the Chachapoyas corresponds to a region that was part of a mountain range and covered by dense tropical woods.
It was named as the Amazonian Andes , to replace the former "mountain region". As fast as the population was growing, the forests of the Amazonian Andes were felled in order to extend the agricultural area.
This resulted in destruction of the rain forest and desertification, since the climate and rain combined to make a soil of low fertility.
Many plants could not be cultivated here, but deforestation exposed the land to aridity. Soil erosion has taken place in areas that became deforested.
In the 21st century, the Amazonian Andes resemble the barren scenery of the Andean moorlands. The Amazonian Andes are constituted by the oriental flank of the Andes, covered originally by a dense Amazon vegetation.
It spread from the cordillera spurs until reaching surprising altitudes where the forests have not been felled, in certain cases exceeding the 3 m.
The Amazonian Andes have a height range of 2 to 3, meters of altitude, where the Chachapoya could develop their settlements.
The numerous architectural remains show they were well established here. The Amazonas Region has a millennial history.
There are some testimonies exhibited on rocky walls dated from the most remote times. A part of these haughty pictorial samples was made by people that had a hunting economy.
These people perhaps left their trace 6 or 7 thousand years ago. At the times in which the formation of Peruvian civilization was consolidated, it appeared a type of ceramics mainly identified in Bagua.
All these expressions of architecture show a model that allows to identify them like if they are related to each other. What has not been established yet is the age of these architectural remains, neither which one would be the most ancient and which one the last in the cultural development of the chachapoyas.
Some of the archaeological testimonies that talk about the cultural splendour reached by the Chachapoyas in pre-Inca times are fantastic.
These principally refer to two forms of grave and one wall painting. The region is divided into 7 provinces provincias , singular: The provinces and their capitals are:.
Among others the region is populated by Aguaruna and Huambisa people. According to the Peru Census , the language learnt first by most of the residents was Spanish The following table shows the results concerning the language learnt first in the Amazonas Region by province: The profusion of dances, songs and clothing is not seen in here, like in Puno or Cuzco.
Its folklore is nourished from legends and stories in which mystery and inexplicable things are always present. Towns, lagoons , hills, religious images, always have an origin that violates in an invariable way the rules of logic or biology.
For example, if you ask people about the lake Quchakunka Cochaconga they will say that it is enchanted. They say it has the "form of a neck" and that with the smallest noise provoked by an animal or the scream of a person, there will be a tremendous thunderstorm in which an enormous monster will appear in the shape of cow.
This monster will become mad with the strangers. That's why, whoever passes by this remote place, does it with maximum precautions for not altering the local silence.
To give accommodation to travelers is an elementary norm of good behaviour with people. To deny it can provoke the most tremendous evil on the selfish person.
A dramatic story that people tell, with more or less details, but with the same respect. A very rich man was living in his house. The marsh was a part of his estate , in which he was happy and lacking of nothing, until the day a traveler asked him for home and he denied it to him.
A witch doctor of the surroundings, who found out about the attitude of the wealthy neighbor, entrusted that all the curses fell on him.
All his goods disappeared and his grounds became a stinking marsh. Mysterious power are also assumed to the four lagoons of Pukyu, in which there are monsters that influence the crops, as well as to the lake Santa Barbara which disappears before the view of the walkers and it is destined to initiate the end of the world with the overflow of its waters.
This name means "where the bird dies", because the mountain kills all the birds that approach it. People attribute pernicious influences to certain animals like the mochuelo that "freezes the soul", or " quien-quien ", that makes fun of the travelers in the roads; or the cricket , which singing in certain circumstances, like when it has sound of bells, presages big evil.
People have big respect to the antique remains. They firmly believe that there will be terrifying punishments for those who violate the graves of the "agüelos" mummies.
Most of the population of the department of Amazonas is indigenous and mestizo , being notable the people' quantity, in some cases entire communities, in which the Spanish type predominates.
Since the time of the Incas, there are legends about the existence of white people in these places.
There are also versions gathered by chroniclers in which they assure that women were chosen here for the Inca, precisely because they were white.
Religiousness is an outstanding note in the most of these towns and they demonstrate it through the enthusiasm and withdrawal that they put into these celebrations.
But, faithful to their tradition, their religious beliefs are mixed with fantastic apparitions and there is almost always a cave in them.
Well, there is no one who does not believe the story that said that the three Virgins were found in a cave to which a young shepherd was mysteriously attracted.
And when the Virgin of Levanto goes to Chachapoyas "her sisters" go to the outer parts of the town for "receiving her". Near Almirante, he heard a voice that was calling him by his name from the interior of a cave, in which he found a Christ image that told him: Corpus Christi , Holy Week , the Assumption , Dia de los Difuntos Day of the death , and Christmas are classic dates in the calendar of this department.
In Christmas Days there are groups of little shepherds that walk around the streets singing and dancing in front of the cribs.
With the same splendour, the patronal feasts are celebrated in all the towns. This department includes inter-Andean and forest regions.
It has a strong forest and hydro energy potential. The province of Bagua , because of geographical factors, has an agricultural development producing such commodity crops as rice , coffee , Cocoa bean , fruit trees and livestock.
The department of Amazonas presents three well-defined geographical areas with distinct climates:. They have been called the Amazonian Andes. Auch fehlte dort ein Tisch, auf dem man etwas abstellen könnte.
Auch war man von Dönnergerüchen umgeben. Verreist als Paar im September für Tage. Keine Fernbedienung für den TV.
Auch der Empfang sah super aus,die Mitarbeiter waren dort sehr nett. Zimmer waren mit einem Bett Schreibtisch und kleinem Fernsehr ausgestattet.
Völlig ausreichend, wenn man nur zum Schlafen im Hotel ist. Leider war das Zimmer dreckig. Verreist als Paar im September für 1 Woche. Es kommt darauf an in welchen Gebäude oder Zimmer man landet.
Unser Zimmer im Haupthaus mit Blick zum Meer ,ruhig und sauber. Die Zimmer im Nebengebäude schrecklich. An der Rezeption sitzt auch deutsches Personal so dass unsere Fragen schnell geklärt werden konnten.
Wir hatten ein relativ unspektakuläres Zimmer jedoch war alles immer schön sauber. Täglich kam eine Putzfrau. Das Essen war meistens sehr lecker.
Zum Playa de Palma sind es ca 5 Gehminuten. Verreist als Paar im August für Tage.